Fish Species E-G

This is a list of the more common species caught in our area.

Please scroll down the page to the species you want.

Please Check the Information Page for Warning on some species.

Red Emperor. Emperors: Red Emperor  [government bream] (Lutjanus sebae)Red Throat and Spangled
Bag Limit:
Red Emperor
Red Throat
Spangled Emperor

Legal Size:
Red  Emperor
Red Throat
Spangled Emperor

Best Bait:          Live herrings and or any small fish, dead baits include, prawn, squid, fish baits and cut fish. Bait must be fresh. Red emperor are not often caught on artificial baits.
Line Class: 15 - 30 kg. main line
Hook Size: No.4/0 - 8/0.
Best Location: They are predominantly a bottom dwelling species usually congregating in schools and found mainly around coral reefs and deep gutters between coral outcrops. The best species are found well off shore.
Quality: They fight hard and are an excellent table fish with few equals. 10 kg to 12 kg emperor are not uncommon
Season: All year round but Summer time is the best.
Flathead Flathead  Platycephalidae family

(Dusty, Sand and Bar-tailed)  

Bag Limit: 5
Legal Size:
Flathead except Dusky

30 cm.
40 cm Min Max 75 cm
Best Bait: Live Worms, yabbies and small herrings are the best. BUT   just about any bait you would like to try will catch them. Flathead are readily caught on lures but in many cases a lot of work has to be done to reap the rewards. Minnow pattern lures that dive and churn up the bottom are the most successful.
 Line Class: 3 kg to 8 kg 
Hook Size:   No. 1 - 5/0    
Best Location: The favoured locations include sand bank edges, small gutters and fallen trees around rocks, drop offs at creeks or river mouths. 
Qualities: Flathead are considered a very good table fish. A good fight is given while fishing with light lines. Flathead are a ambush bottom feeder that use their natural shape and colour or underwater structure as camouflage feeding both day and night. Dusky Flathead are an estuarine species best caught at dawn and dusk with a dead low tide right on dark being the best. At certain times their marks can be clearly seen at low tide on the sand spit and on this edge of the gutters, these are the places to fish when the tide is coming in.


Flathead are caught all year round in both deep and shallow water, although few are caught in the shallows during the coldest months. The best time to catch flathead is from September to March. 

Flounder:     (Pleuronectidae) family

Bag Limit: N/A
Legal Size: N/A
Bag Limits Whitebait, peeled prawn, squid, yabbies and worms.
Line Class:   2 kg to 4 kg
Hook Size:   No.2 - 2/0
Location: They lie on the bottom buried under the sand with only their eyes protruding. Bottom fishing from a drifting boat across the sand flats is productive. During summer spawning flounder are found in shallow water on sandbanks and close to shore. In winter they reside in the deeper waters.
Qualities: With excellent eating qualities, the flounder has a sweet, moist flesh, although fine bones can be a problem in smaller fish. Flounder can alter the colour of their bodies to suit the bottom on which they are laying.
Season: All year round. 
Gar Fish
Garfish     Garfish     (Hemiramphidae) family
Bag Limit: 50
Legal Size:     N/A
Best Baits:   Prawns and yabbies
Line Class: 1 kg to 4 kg
Hook Size: No.12 - 8
Best Location:   Urangan Jetty mainly in the first channel and in other sheltered waters.  
Qualities:   Very good eating if prepared properly. Great fun on a light line. Garfish are a surface feeding fish and travel in small schools. They mainly feed on floating baits.
Season: All year round but the bigger fish are mainly caught in the Winter months.
Grass Sweetlip
Grass Sweetlip. Grass Sweetlip. [brown sweetlip, snapper bream] (Lethrinus fletus)
Local name:    Coral Bream
Bag Limit: 10
Legal Size:   30 cm.
Best Bait: Prawn, squid, crabs, pilchard, fish strips and fresh bait is a must.
Line Class:   6 kg to 15 kg.
Hook Size:    2/0 - 4/0
Location: Any of our shallow reefs or even the deeper off shore reefs. They are found dwelling around the outer rock, coral and gravel reefs in water from 5m to 30m in depth
Qualities:    This is another good eating fish. When fishing for Sweetlip, fish the up-current side of a reef or where there is a drop-off along the reef and you will have no problem catching a feed on any of the local reefs. They bite best early in the morning, late afternoon and on moon lit nights.  
Season:   November to April is the best but they can be caught all year round.

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